Rebellion July 26, 1852     
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1858 map showing location of Nacimiento, Coahuila
Map of the Mexican state of Coahuila showing the location of Nacimiento, where the Black Seminoles settled in 1852-53. From Atlas geografico, estadistico e historico de la Republica Mexicana, formado por Antonio Garcia y Cubas, published in 1858. David Rumsey Map Collection,
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Early in the 1850s, the threat of slavers and filibusters convinced the Mexican government to relocate the Seminole allies further south. On July 26, 1852, the Seminole, Black Seminole, and Kickapoo leaders signed a treaty with the Mexican government granting them four “sitios de ganado mayor,” about 27 square miles of land, at the Hacienda de Nacimiento on the headwaters of the Rio Sabinas, near the town of Muzquiz. The maroons moved four miles from their Indian allies near the hill of Buena Vista. The communities settled in, building homes, cultivating crops, and raising livestock. The main body of Kickapoo warriors had defected from the confederation in July of 1851, but a small Kickapoo community remained at the new location.

The settlement offered some of the most fertile land in a forbidding region of deserts and mountains, a fact that would later create problems for the allies. The site was also strategically located close to the mountain passes that hostile Mescaleros and Comanches followed on their raids deep into Mexico.

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Sources: Mulroy 73, Porter Black 143-44, Reports of the Committee 408. ©
Part 4, Freedom: Outline  l Images
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 Trail Narrative
 + Prologue
 + Background: 1693-1812
 + Early Years: 1812-1832
 + War: 1832-1838
 + Exile: 1838-1850
 - Freedom: 1850-1882
+ Cost of Freedom
spacer spacer Arrival
Second Exodus
Border Etiquette
Duval's Desserts
Indian Killers
End of an Era
+ Liberty Foretold
+ Liberty Found
 + Legacy & Conclusion