Rebellion July 12-26, 1850     
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Loading wagons on the Calle Cesar
Detail from "Loading wagons on the Calle de Cesar, Matamoras, for Piedras Negras," by C.E.H. Bonwill for Frank Leslie's illustrated newspaper, Feb. 20, 1864. Library of Congress.
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The Mexican period of Black Seminole history officially began July 12, 1850, when 309 Black Seminoles, Seminoles, and Kickapoos crossed the Rio Grande and presented themselves to the local military commander in Piedras Negras, across the river from Eagle Pass, Texas. Coacoochee had already made preliminary negotiations with the Mexicans for land in exchange for the allies’ services. The commander at Piedras Negras gave the immigrants provisional permission to stay while awaiting formal confirmation from Mexico City.

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Sources: Reports of the Committee of Investigation Sent in 1873 by the Mexican Government to the Frontier of Texas 408, Porter Black 131, Mulroy 56-58. ©
Part 4, Freedom: Outline  l Images
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 Trail Narrative
 + Prologue
 + Background: 1693-1812
 + Early Years: 1812-1832
 + War: 1832-1838
 + Exile: 1838-1850
 - Freedom: 1850-1882
+ Cost of Freedom
spacer spacer Arrival
Second Exodus
Border Etiquette
Duval's Desserts
Indian Killers
End of an Era
+ Liberty Foretold
+ Liberty Found
 + Legacy & Conclusion