Rebellion December 25, 1837     
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Zachary Taylor and John Horse
Zachary Taylor and John Horse, adversaries in the Battle of Lake Okeechobee. Taylor daguerreotype created by Matthew Brady's studio between 1844 and 1849. Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-USZ62-110067. John Horse engraving from Giddings' 1858 history of the Black Seminoles.
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Christmas day, 1837. Nearly 400 black and Indian warriors hide deep in the swamps of Florida, preparing to face Colonel Zachary Taylor and 1,000 U.S. regulars. The two sides are about to fight the decisive battle in the Second Seminole War, the bloodiest, most costly Indian conflict in U.S. history. But this is not just an Indian war, it is also a slave uprising, the largest that the country has ever seen, or ever will see.

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Sources: Mahon 226, Rivers 203. ©
Prologue: Outline  l  Images
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 Trail Narrative
 - Prologue
spacer Story Panel 1 of 8
 + Background
 + Early Years: 1832-1838
 + War: 1832-1838
 + Exile: 1838-1850
 + Freedom: 1850-1882
 + Legacy & Conclusion