Rebellion Sources: 1693 - 2001     
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spacer Resources > Bibliography of works cited

This bibliography offers a complete A-Z list of works cited in Rebellion. Also see: Selected books for an annotated bibliography of the best sources for research, or Web resources for reference to materials you can locate online.

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Abraham Lincoln Papers at The Library of Congress. A Collaborative Project of the Library of Congress Manuscript Division and Lincoln Studies Center, Knox College. Apr 18, 2005 <>.

African American History Alliance of Louisiana. 1998. “The Heroic 1811 Slave Revolt.” Aug 21 2001 <>.

Africans in America. 1998. Sep 19 2001 <>.

Afro-American Almanac. 2000. “Slave Codes of the State of Georgia, 1848.” Sep 22 2001 <>.

American Anti-Slavery Almanac. New York: Webster and Southard, 1839.

American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language. Fourth Edition. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2000.

American State Papers: Foreign Relations (ASPFR). Vol 4. Washington: Gales and Seaton, 1832-1860.

American State Papers: Indian Affairs (ASPIA). 2 vols. Washington: Gales and Seaton, 1832-1834.

American State Papers: Military Affairs (ASPMA). 7 vols. Washington: Gales and Seaton, 1832-1860.

Annals of Congress 2: 15th Congress, 2nd session. Washington: Gales and Seaton, 1834-1856.

Aptheker, Herbert. American Negro Slave Revolts. New York: Columbia University Press, 1943.

----------. "Maroons Within the Present Limits of the United States." The Journal of Negro History. 24.2 (April 1939): 167-184.

Army and Navy Chronicle (A&NC). 13 vols. Washington: B. Homans, 1835-1842.

Arnold, Isaac Newton. The Life of Abraham Lincoln. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1994.

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Bakker, Eveline, with Leo Dalhuisen, Maurits Hassankhan, Frans Steegh. Geschiedenis Van Suriname: Von stam tot staat. Zutphen: Walburg, 1993.

Bancroft, Hubert Howe. History of Mexico. 6 vols. San Francisco: A. L. Bancroft & Co., 1883-88.

Banta, William. Twenty-Seven Years on the Texas frontier. Council Hill, OK, 1933.

Barber, J.W. Incidents in American History. New York: Cooledge & Brother, 1857.

Bartram, William. Travels Through North and South Carolina, Georgia, East and West Florida. 1792. Intro. Gordon DeWolf. Savannah: Beehive Press, 1973.

----------. William Bartram on the Southeastern Indians. Eds. Gregory A. Waselkov and Kathyrn E. Holland Braund. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1995.

Bell, Caryn Cosse. Revolution, romanticism, and the Afro-Creole protest tradition in Louisiana, 1718-1868. Baton Rouge, La.: Louisiana State University Press, 1997.

Bemrose, John. Reminiscences of the Second Seminole War. Ed. John K. Mahon. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 1966.

Bennett, Lerone. Before the Mayflower: A History of Black America. New York: Penguin, 1984.

Benoit, P.J. Voyage a Surinam. Brussells, 1839.

Bolt, Christine. American Indian Policy and American Reform. London: Allen and Unwin, 1987.

Boswell, James. The Life of Samuel Johnson. Vol 3, 3rd ed. London: 1779.

Boyd, Mark Frederick. “Asi-Yaholo, or Osceola.” Osceola issue, Florida Historical Quarterly 33.3-4 (Jan and Apr 1955): 249-305.

----------. “The Seminole War: Its Background and Onset.” Florida Historical Quarterly 30.1 (July 1951): 3-115.

Brown, Canter. “The Florida Crisis of 1826-27 and the Second Seminole War.” Florida Historical Quarterly 73.4 (April 1995): 419-442.

----------.“Race Relations in Territorial Florida, 1821-1845.” Florida Historical Quarterly 73.3 (January 1995): 287-307.

----------. “The Sarrazota, or Runaway Negro Plantations: Tampa’s First Black Community, 1812-1821.” Tampa Bay History 12 (Fall/Winter 1990): 5-19.

Brown, Thomas E. “Seminole Indian Agents, 1842-74.” Chronicles of Oklahoma 51 (Spring 1973): 59-83.

Browne, Francis F. The Every-day Life of Abraham Lincoln. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1995.

Buchanan, Robert C. “A Journal of Lt. Robert C. Buchanan During the Seminole War.” Ed. Frank R. White. Florida Historical Quarterly 29 (Oct 1950): 132-51.

Buck, Stuart. 2001. “John Quincy Adams, the Gag Rule, and the Declaration of Independence.” The Claremont Institute, Sep 1 2001 <>.

Bulliard, Jim. 2000. “Fort Mose -- The Submerged Secret of Florida History.” Central Florida Society of the Archaeological Institute of America. Sep 14 2001 <>.

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Carter, Clarence E., ed. The Territory of Florida. Vols 22 & 25. The Territorial Papers of the United States. Washington: GPO, 1960.

Carter, R.G. "A Raid Into Mexico." Outing, an Illustrated Monthly Magazine of Recreation 12.1 (April 1888): 1-9.

Childs, Major [Thomas]. “Major Childs, U.S.A.: Extracts from his correspondence with his family, from the original manuscripts.” Historical Magazine, 3rd series 2: 299-304, 371-74, 3rd series 3: 169-71, 280-84.

Coe, Charles H. Red Patriots: The Story of the Seminoles. Cincinnati: Editor Publishing, 1898.

Coffin, Joshua. An account of some of the principal slave insurrections, and others, which have occurred, or been attempted, in the United States. New York: The American Antislavery Society, 1860.

Cohen, Myer M. Notices of Florida and the Campaigns. 1836. Intro. O.Z. Tyler, Jr. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 1964.

Coker, William S., and Thomas D. Watson. Indian Traders of the Southeastern Spanish Borderlands. Pensacola: University of West Florida Press, 1986.

Coleman, Kenneth. Colonial Georgia. New York: Scribner, 1976.

Covington, James W. “Cuban Bloodhounds and the Seminoles.” Florida Historical Quarterly 33 (Oct 1954): 111-19.

----------. Seminoles of Florida. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 1993.

Cromwell, Misty. 1999. “Revolution: The Royal Ethiopian.” Canada’s Digital Collections: Black Loyalists. Oct 25 2001 <>.

Curtis, James C. "Jackson, Andrew." Discovery Channel School, original content provided by World Book Online. Aug 22 2001 <>.

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D - E

Davis, Burke. Old Hickory: A Life of Andrew Jackson. New York: Dial Press, 1977.

Davis, David Brion. The Problem of Slavery in the Age of Revolution, 1770-1823. London: Cornell University Press, 1975.

Deagan, Kathleen and Darcie MacMahon. Fort Mose: Colonial America's Black Fortress of Freedom. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 1995.

Declaration of Independence. 1776. "In Congress, July 4, 1776. The unanimous declaration of the thirteen United States of America." Library of Congress, American Memory. Sep 14 2001 < >.

Doster, James F. Creek Indians: The Creek Indians and Their Florida Lands, 1740-1823. 2 vols. New York: Garland, 1974.

Easterby, J.H., ed. The Colonial Records of South Carolina: The Journal of the Commons House of Assembly. 3 vols. Columbia, SC: Historical Commission of South Carolina, 1953.

Encyclopedia Americana. 2000. “Andrew Jackson.” Aug 22 2001 <>.

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Fagin, N. Bryllion. William Bartram: Interpreter of the American Landscape. Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press, 1933.

Fifth Census or Enumeration of the Inhabitants of the United States as Corrected by the Department of State, 1830. Washington: Duff Green, 1832.

Forbes, James Grant. Sketches, historical and topographical, of the Floridas, more particularly of east Florida. 1821. Ed. with intro. James W. Covington. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 1964.

Foreman, Grant. Advancing the Frontier, 1830-1860. 1933. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1968.

----------. The Five Civilized Tribes. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1934.

----------. Indian Removal. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1972.

----------, ed. “Report of the Cherokee Deputation into Florida.” Chronicles of Oklahoma 9 (1931): 423-38.

Forry, Samuel. “Letters of Samuel Forry, Surgeon U.S. Army, 1837-38.” Florida Historical Quarterly 7 (Jul 1928): 88-105.

Fort Mose. 2001. Fort Mose Historical Society. Sep 14 2001 <>.

Foster, Laurence. Negro-Indian Relations in the Southeast. PhD. Dissertation, University of Pennsylvania, 1935.

Francke, Arthur E., Jr. Fort Mellon: 1837-42: A Microcosm of the Second Seminole War. Miami: Banyan, 1977.

Franklin, John Hope. Runaway slaves: Rebels on the Plantation. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.

----------. Race and History: Selected Essays, 1938-1988. Baton Rouge: Lousiana State University Press, 1989.

Frost, John. A Pictorial Biography of Andrew Jackson. Louisville, Kentucky: Bill and Brother, 1860.

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G - H

Garrison, William Lloyd. The Abolition of Slavery: the Right of the Government Under the War Power. Boston: R. F. Wallcut, 1862.

Garrison, William Lloyd. Edited by Walter M. Merrill. The Letters of William Lloyd Garrison: Volume 2. Cambridge: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1971-1981.

Genovese, Eugene D. From Rebellion to Revolution. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1979.

----------. Roll, Jordan Roll: the World the Slaves Made. New York: Pantheon, 1974.

Gentry, William Richard. Full Justice: The Story of Richard Gentry and His Missouri Volunteers in the Seminole Wars. St. Louis: 1937.

Giddings, Joshua R. The Exiles of Florida, or, crimes committed by our government against maroons, who fled from South Carolina and other slave states, seeking protection under Spanish laws. Columbus, Ohio: Follet, 1858.

----------. Speeches in Congress. Cleveland, Ohio: John P. Jewett, 1853.

Glisan, Rodney. Journal of Army Life, by R. Glisan. San Francisco: A. L. Bancroft, 1874.

Goggin, John M. “The Seminole Negroes of Andros Island, Bahamas.” Florida Historical Quarterly 24 (July 1946): 201-6.

Great Britain. Public Record Office. Calendar of state papers, colonial series: America and West Indies, 1728-29. Ed. Cecil Headlam. London: His Majesty's Stationary Office, 1937.

Hancock, Ian F. “Texas Gullah: the Creole English of the Brackettville Afro-Seminoles.” Perspectives on American English. Ed. Joseph L. Dillard. The Hague: Mouton, 1980.

----------. The Texas Seminoles and Their Language. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1980.

Harley, Sharon, ed. The Timetables of African-American History. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1995.

Hause, Eric. 2001. “The Lost Colony: Roanoke Island, NC ~ Packet by Eric Hause: Articles about the Outer Banks NC and the Mainland.” Sep 14 2001 <>. Also published in English World-Wide 20.2 (1999): 179-216.

Heitman, Francis B. Historical register and dictionary of the United States Army, from its organization, September 29, 1789, to March 2, 1903. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1903.

Hewatt, Alexander. An Historical Account of the Rise and Progress of the Colonies of South Carolina and Georgia. 2 vols. 1779. Spartanburg, S.C.: Reprint Co., 1962.

Hitchcock, Ethan Allen. Fifty Years in Camp and Field: Diary of Major-General Ethan Allen Hitchcock. Ed. William A. Croffut. New York: Putnam, 1909.

Higginson, Thomas Wentworth. Black Rebellion: a Selection from Travellers and Outlaws. Preface by James McPherson. New York: Arno Press, 1969.

----------. Travellers and Outlaws: Episodes in American history. Boston: Lee and Shepard, New York: C.T. Dillingham, 1889.

Hitchcock, Ethan Allen. Fifty Years in Camp and Field: Diary of Major-General Ethan Allen Hitchcock. Ed. William A. Croffut. New York: Putnam, 1909.

Hodge, Frederick W. Handbook of American Indians, North of Mexico. 2 vols. Washington: GPO, 1912.

Honour, Hugh. The Image of the Black in Western Art. Vol 4. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1989.

Hornsby, Alton, Jr., ed. Chronology of African-American History. Detroit: Gale Research, 1997.

Hudson, Linda S. Mistress of Manifest Destiny: a Biography of Jane McManus Storm Cazneau, 1807-1878. Austin: Texas State Historical Association, 2001.

Hughes, W. J. Rebellious Ranger: Rip Ford and the Old Southwest. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1964.

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J - L

Jackson, Andrew. Correspondence of Andrew Jackson. Ed. John Spencer Bassett. 7 vols. Washington, D. C.: Carnegie Institution, 1926-35.

Jackson, Harvey H. "The Darien Antislavery Petition of 1739 and the Georgia Plan." William and Mary Quarterly, 3d ser., 34 (1977): 618-19.

Jarvis, Nathan S. “An Army Surgeon’s Notes on Frontier Service, 1833-1848.” Journal of the Military Service Institution of the United States (July 1906): 3-9, (Sept-Oct 1906): 275-86.

----------. “Diary Kept While a Surgeon with the Army in Florida, 1837-1839.” New York Academy of Medicine. Microfilmed.

Jay, William. A View of the Action of the Federal Government in Behalf of Slavery. 1839. Miami: Mnemosyne, 1969.

Kappler, Charles J., ed. Indian Affairs: Laws and Treaties. 5 vols. Washington: G.P.O., 1904-1941.

Karsner, David. Andrew Jackson, the Gentle Savage. New York: Brentano’s, 1929.

Katz, William Loren. Black Indians: A Hidden Heritage. New York: Atheneum, 1986.

Kieffer, Chester L. Maligned General: The Biography of Thomas Sidney Jesup. San Rafael, CA: Presidio Press, 1979.

Lancaster, Jane F. Removal Aftershock: The Seminoles’ Struggles to Survive in the West, 1836-1866. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1994.

Landers, Jane. Black Society in Spanish Florida. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1999.

Laumer, Frank. Dade’s Last Command. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 1995.

----------. Massacre! Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 1968.

----------. Massacre! Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 1968.

Littlefield, Daniel F., Jr. Africans and Creeks. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1979.

----------. Africans and Seminoles. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1977.

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Mahon, John K. History of the Second Seminole War, 1835-1842. 1967. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 1985.

Marcy, Randolph Barnes. Thirty Years of Army Life on the Border. New York: Harper & Bros, 1866. Available online from the Making of America at;idno=AAZ9581.0001.001.

Marcy, Randolph B. and George B. McClellan. Exploration of the Red River of Louisiana, in the year 1852. Washington: A. O. P. Nicholson, 1854. Available online from the Making of America at;idno=AFJ9807.0001.001.

May, Robert E. Manifest Destiny's Underworld: Filibustering in Antebellum America. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 2002.

McCall, George A. Letters From the Frontiers. Philadelphia: Lippincot & Co., 1868.

McKenney, Thomas L. Memoirs, Official and Personal. 2nd ed. New York: Paine and Burgess, 1846.

McPherson, James M. “The Fight Against the Gag Rule: Joshua Leavitt and Antislavery Conspiracy Insurgency in the Whig Party, 1839-42.” Journal of Negro History 48 (1963): 177-95.

McReynolds, Edwin C. The Seminoles. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1957.

Memorial and Biographical History of McLennan, Falls, Bell, and Coryell counties, Texas. Chicago: Lewis pub. co., 1893.

Merrens, H. Roy, ed. The Colonial South Carolina scene: contemporary views, 1697-1774. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1977.

Mexico, Comision Pesquisidora de la Frontera del Norte. See entry under Reports of the Committee of Investigation Sent in 1873 by the Mexican Government to the Frontier of Texas.

Miles, Edwin A. "The Mississippi Slave Insurrection Scare of 1835." The Journal of Negro History. 42.1 (January 1957): 48-60.

Miller, David Hunter, ed. Treaties and Other International Acts of the United States of America. 2 vols. Washington: GPO, 1931.

Miller, William Lee. Arguing About Slavery: The Great Battle in the United States Congress. New York: Knopf, 1996.

Montgomery, Cora (Jane McManus Storms Cazneau). Eagle Pass; or, Life on the Border. New York: G.P. Putnam, 1852.

Morgan, Edmund S. American Slavery, American Freedom: The Ordeal of Colonial Virginia. New York: Norton, 1975.

Motte, Jacob Rhett. Journey into Wilderness: An Army Surgeon’s Account of Life in Camp and Field During the Creek and Seminole Wars, 1836-38. Ed. James F. Sunderman. Gainesville: University of Florida Press, 1953.

Mulroy, Kevin. Freedom on the Border: The Seminole Maroons in Florida, the Indian Territory, Coahuila, and Texas. Lubbock: Texas Tech University Press, 1993.

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N - R

Native American Indian Treaty Library Online. 2001. 368 treaties from 1778-1868. Aug 20 2001 <>.

Nelson, Bryce. “Lost Colony? The Lumbee Indians of N.C. Think They Have an Answer.” The Atlanta Journal and Constitution. 10B: May 15,1977.

Oglethorpe, James Edward. Some Account of the Design of the Trustees for Establishing Colonys in America. Ed. Rodney M. Baine and Phinizy Spalding. Athens, Ga.: University of Georgia Press, 1990.

Olmstead, Frederick Law. Journey through Texas. Edited by James Howard. Austin: Von Boeckmann-Jones Press, 1962.

Osceola Issue. Various authors. Florida Historical Quarterly 33 (Jan and Apr 1955).

Ploski, Harry A. and James Williams. The Negro Almanac. 5th ed. New York: Gale Research, 1989.

Porter, Kenneth Wiggins. The Black Seminoles: History of a Freedom-Seeking People. Eds Thomas Senter and Alcione Amos. Gainesville: University of Florida Press, 1996.

----------. “The Episode of Osceola’s Wife: Fact or Fiction?” Florida Historical Quarterly 26 (Jan 1946): 92-98.

----------. “John Caesar, Seminole Negro Partisan.” Journal of Negro History 31 (April 1946): 190-207.

----------. “Louis Pacheco: The Man and the Myth.” Journal of Negro History 28 (Jan 1943): 65-72.

----------. The Negro on the American Frontier. New York: Arno Press, 1971.

----------. “Notes on Seminole Negroes in the Bahamas.” Florida Historical Quarterly 24 (July 1945): 56-60.

----------. “Seminole Flight from Fort Marion.” Florida Historical Quarterly 22 (Jan 1944): 113-33.

Potter, Woodburne. The War in Florida. 1836. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms, 1966.

Price, Richard, ed. Maroon Societies: Rebel Slave Communities in the Americas. 1973. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1979.

Proctor, Victoria. 2000. “The Lost Colony of Roanoke.” Sep 14 2001 <>.

Quarles, Benjamin. Black Mosaic: Essays in Afro-American History and Historiography. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1988.

Quinn, David B. England and the Discovery of America, 1481-1620. New York: Knopf, 1974.

Remini, Robert Vincent. Andrew Jackson and the Course of American Empire. 3 vols. New York: Harper & Row, 1977-1984.

Reports of the Committee of Investigation Sent in 1873 by the Mexican Government to the Frontier of Texas. Mexico. Comision Pesquisidora de la Frontera del Norte. Translated from the official edition made in Mexico. New York: Baker & Godwin, 1875. Available online from the Making of America at;idno=ABE2987.0001.001.

Rivers, Larry Eugene. Slavery in Florida. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2000.

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Salley, Jr., Alexander S., ed. Narratives of Early Carolina, 1650-1708. New York: Charles Scribner, 1910.

Seminole Tribe of Florida. 2000. History: Brief Summary of Seminole History. June 20 2005 <>.

Sheldon, Jane Murray. "Attacks Near New Smyrna, 1835-1856." Florida Historical Quarterly 8.4 (April 1930): 191-192

Simmons, William. Notices of East Florida. 1822. Intro. George E. Buker. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 1973.

Smith, Jessie Carney, and Joseph M. Palmisano, eds. The African American Almanac. 8th ed. Detroit: Gale Group, 2002.

Smith, Joseph B. The Plot to Steal Florida. New York: Harbor House, 1983.

Smith, W.W. Sketch of the Seminole War and Sketches during a Campaign. By a Lieutenant of the Left Wing. Charleston: Dan J. Dowling, 1836.

Sprague, John T. “Journal of a Wagon Train Expedition from Ft. Inge to El Paso del Norte, 1850 by Captain and Brevet Major John T. Sprague.” Collection of Ben E. Pingenot, Brackettville, Texas.

----------. The Origin, Progress, and Conclusion of the Florida War. New York: D. Appleton, 1848.

State Papers and Publick Documents of the United States, from the Accession of George Washington to the Presidency. Series 1, vol. 9. 3rd ed. Boston: Thomas B. Wait, 1819.

Statistics of US War Veterans and casualties. 2001. “US Veterans Statistics.” Source: US Department of Veterans Affairs. Aug 22 2001 <>.

Stedman, John Gabriel. Narrative of a Five Years Expedition Against the Revolted Negroes of Surinam: Transcribed for the First Time from the Original 1790 Manuscript. 1790. Eds and intro Richard Price and Sally Price. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1988.

Steinberg, David. "'Our Land' tells story of Seminole Negroes." Albuquerque Journal September 22, 2002: F7.

Stewart, James B. Holy Warriors: the Abolitionists and American Slavery. New York: Hill and Wang, 1976.

----------. “Joshua Giddings, Antislavery Violence, and Congressional Politics of Honor.” Antislavery Violence: Sectional, Racial, and Cultural Conflict in Antebellum America. Eds. John R. McKivigan and Stanley Harrold. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1999.

----------. Joshua R. Giddings and the Tactics of Radical Politics. Cleveland: Case Western Reserve University Press, 1970.

Storrow, Thomas W. “Osceola, the Seminole War-Chief.” Knickerbocker Magazine 24 (Nov 1844): 427-48.

Stout, Joseph Allen. The Liberators: Filibustering Expeditions into Mexico, 1848-1862. Los Angeles: Westernlore Press, 1973.

Sturtevant, William C. “Creek into Seminole.” North American Indians in Historical Perspective. Eds Eleanor B. Leacock and Nancy O. Lurie. New York: Random House, 1971.

----------. “Spanish-Indian Relations in Southeastern North America.” Ethnohistory 9 (1962): 41-94.

Sumpter, Jesse. Paso del Águila: A Chronicle of Frontier Days on the Texas Border as recorded in the memoirs of Jesse Sumpter. Ed Ben A. Pingenot. Austin: Encino Press, 1969.

Swanton, John R. “Early History of the Creek Indians and Their Neighbors.” Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 73. Washington: GPO, 1922.

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T - U

Taylor, E.G.R., ed. The Original Writings & Correspondence Of The Two Richard Hakluyts. 2 vols. London: Hakluyt Society, 1935.

Thomas, Hugh. The Slave Trade: the Story of the Atlantic Slave Trade, 1440-1870. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1997.

Thomson, George Malcom. Sir Francis Drake. New York: William Morrow and Co., 1972.

Tucker, Philip Thomas. “John Horse: Forgotten African-American Leader of the Second Seminole War.” Journal of Negro History 77 (Spring 1992): 74-83.

Twyman, Bruce Edward. The Black Seminole Legacy and Northern American Politics, 1693-1845. Washington: Howard University Press, 1999.

Tyler, Ronnie C. “Fugitive Slaves in Mexico.” Journal of Negro History 57 (1972): 1-12.

United States Attorney General. Official Opinions of the Attorneys General of the United States. Washington: United States, 1852-1870.

United States Congress. Congressional Globe. 46 vols. Washington: Blair & Rives, 1834-1873.

United States Congress. Register of Debates. 14 vols. Washington: Gales and Seaton, 1825-1837.

United States Senate. Executive Document 507. 25th Congress, 2nd session, s.n. 319. “A report from Major General Jesup of his operations whilst commanding the army in Florida, in compliance with a resolution of the Senate of the 6th instant.”

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Wallace, Ernest. Ranald S. Mackenzie on the Texas Frontier. College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 1993.

Walton, George. Fearless and Free. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merril, 1977.

Waring, Antonio J., ed. Laws of the Creek Nation. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1960.

Warrior, William “Dub”. Personal interview. 10 Sept 1999.

Webb, Walter Prescott. The Texas Rangers. 1935. Intro. Lyndon B. Johnson. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1965.

Weber, David K. The Spanish Frontier in North America. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1992.

Welch, Andrew. A Narrative of the Early Days and Remembrances of Oceola Nikanochee, Prince of Econchatti, a Young Seminole Indian … written by his guardian. London: Hatchard and son, 1841.

White, Leonard Dupee. The Jacksonians: A Study in Administrative History, 1829-1861. New York: Macmillan, 1954.

Wickman, Patricia R. Osceola’s Legacy. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 1991.

Wilhelm, Thomas. History of the Eighth U.S. Infantry from its organization, in 1838. 2 vols. 2nd ed. Printed at Headquarters, Eighth Infantry, 1873.

Williams, John Lee. The Territory of Florida, or, Sketches of the topography, civil and natural history, of the country, the climate, and the Indian tribes. New York: A.T. Goodrich. 1837.

Willson, Marcius. American History. Cincinnati: W.H. Moore & Co., New York: M.H. Newman & Co., 1847.

Willson, Marcius. American History. Cincinnati: W.H. Moore & Co., New York: M.H. Newman & Co., 1847.

Winfrey, Dorman H., and James M. Day, eds. The Indian papers of Texas and the Southwest, 1825-1916. Austin : Texas State Historical Association, 1995.

Winfrey, Dorman H., and James M. Day, eds. The Indian papers of Texas and the Southwest, 1825-1916. Austin : Texas State Historical Association, 1995.

Wish, Harvey. "American Slave Insurrections Before 1861." The Journal of Negro History. 22.3 (July 1937): 299-320.

Wolfram, Walt and Clare Dannenberg. Feb 1999.  “Dialectic Identity in a Tri-Ethnic Context: The Case of Lumbee American Indian English.” NCSU Linguistics. Sep 14 2001 <>.

Wood, Marcus. Blind Memory: Visual Representations of Slavery in England and America, 1780-1865. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2000.

Wood, Peter. Black Majority: Negroes in Colonial South Carolina from 1670 through the Stono Rebellion. New York: Knopf, 1974.

Wright, Irene A. “The Spanish Resistance to the English Occupation of Jamaica, 1655-1660.” Transactions of the Royal Historical Society. Series 4, Vol 13. London: Butler and Tanner, 1930.

----------. Documents Concerning English Voyages to the Spanish Main, 1569-80. London: Hakluyt Society, 1932.

Wright, J. Leitch, Jr. Creeks and Seminoles: The Destruction and Regeneration of the Muscogulge People. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1986.

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