Rebellion October 1850     
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Comanche War Party on the March, Fully Dress, by George Catlin
"Comanche War Party on the March, Fully Equipped," 184648, oil painting by George Catlin. Smithsonian American Art Museum.
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Comanches attacked the Black Seminole refugees as they headed for Mexico. At unknown locations south of the Indian Territory, Comanche warriors captured between 60 and 100 blacks under Jim Bowlegs. The Comanches ransomed their prisoners to Creek warriors who had ridden after the fugitives. When the blacks tried to resist their Creek holders, many were wounded. Dr. Rodney Glisan noted their miserable condition in his journal on October 23, 1850, when he saw the cortege file pass Fort Arbuckle on its way back to Indian Territory.

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Sources: Foreman Five 264-65, 33rd Cong., 2nd Sess., House Doc 15: 12, Glisan, Rodney, Journal of Army Life, by R. Glisan, A.L. Bancroft (San Francisco): 1874, 65-66.
Part 4, Freedom: Outline  l Images
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 Trail Narrative
 + Prologue
 + Background: 1693-1812
 + Early Years: 1812-1832
 + War: 1832-1838
 + Exile: 1838-1850
 - Freedom: 1850-1882
+ Cost of Freedom
spacer spacer Arrival
Second Exodus
Border Etiquette
Duval's Desserts
Indian Killers
End of an Era
+ Liberty Foretold
+ Liberty Found
 + Legacy & Conclusion