Rebellion July – October 1850     
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Map showing region of temporary Seminole and Black Seminole settlements in Mexico
Detail showing region where the Black Seminoles and Seminoles first settled in Mexico, around Piedras Negras (across the border from Fort Duncan on the map). From Johnson's Mexico, published in 1860 by Johnson & Browning. David Rumsey Map Collection,
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As they had in Florida and the Indian Territory, the blacks and Indians split into separate communities. The blacks temporarily settled at El Moral, 20 miles north of Piedras Negras. Emphasizing their separateness, the Black Seminoles received their own distinct Spanish name, “los mascogos.” The etymology is unknown but almost certainly derived from “Muskogee,” the old Native American term used to describe members of the Creek confederacy, from which the Seminoles had seceded in Florida.

The emigrants subsided on rations, having arrived too late to plant crops. Their situation was still fortunate compared to the plight of their companions back in the Indian Territory.

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Sources: Porter Black 131, Mulroy 58. ©
Part 4, Freedom: Outline  l Images
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 Trail Narrative
 + Prologue
 + Background: 1693-1812
 + Early Years: 1812-1832
 + War: 1832-1838
 + Exile: 1838-1850
 - Freedom: 1850-1882
+ Cost of Freedom
spacer spacer Arrival
Second Exodus
Border Etiquette
Duval's Desserts
Indian Killers
End of an Era
+ Liberty Foretold
+ Liberty Found
 + Legacy & Conclusion