Rebellion 1773     
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The Alachua Savannah as drawn by William Bartram
Detail from William Bartram's idiosyncratic drawing of "The Great Alachua Swamp." American Philosophical Society.
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For his part, Bartram wrote glowing prose about the Seminoles and their homeland. He described the "Elysian Fields" of their territory as a paradise on earth:

"The extensive Alachua savannah .... [is] covered with waving forests and fragrant Orange groves, rising from an exuberantly fertile soil .... At the same time are seen innumerable droves of cattle .... [h]erds of sprightly deer, squadrons of the beautiful, fleet Seminole horse, flocks of turkeys, civilized communities of the sonorous, watchful crane, mixed together, appearing happy and contented in their enjoyment of peace, 'til disturbed and affrighted by the warrior or man."

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Sources: Bartram Southeastern 15, Bartram Travels 186.
Background: Outline  l  Images
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 Trail Narrative
 + Prologue
 - Background: 1693-1812
spacer spacer African Connections
Spanish Influence
British Reaction
The Seminoles
Section Conclusion
 + Early Years: 1832-1838
 + War: 1832-1838
 + Exile: 1838-1850
 + Freedom: 1850-1882
 + Legacy & Conclusion