Rebellion 1773     
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William Bartram
William Bartram, in an 1808 painting by his friend Charles Wilson Peale. Independence National Historical Park Collection.
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The young and relatively obscure nation gained international notoriety following the visit of the American naturalist William Bartram in 1774. Residing with Cowkeeper, Bartram sought permission to travel freely over the Alachua savannah collecting flowers and plants. Cowkeeper gave him permission, and also a nickname -- Puc Puggy, or the Flower Hunter.

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Sources: Bartram Southeastern 15, Bartram Travels 186.
Background: Outline  l  Images
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 Trail Narrative
 + Prologue
 - Background: 1693-1812
spacer spacer African Connections
Spanish Influence
British Reaction
The Seminoles
Section Conclusion
 + Early Years: 1832-1838
 + War: 1832-1838
 + Exile: 1838-1850
 + Freedom: 1850-1882
 + Legacy & Conclusion