Rebellion 1715 - 1738     
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A Rebel Negroe Arm'd and on his guard
"A Rebel Negroe Arm'd and on his guard," 1794 engraving by Francesco Bartolozzi, after a watercolor by J.G. Stedman, for Stedman's Narrative of a Five Years Expedition Against the Revolted Negroes of Surinam (1796). This hand-tinted version comes from Bakker et al's Geschiedenis Van Suriname.
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Free blacks were first reported living with Indians in Florida in the early 1700s. Very little is known about these early black pioneers, except that they were most likely fugitives from the Carolinas who sought freedom on Spanish soil. By taking to the wilderness, they contributed to an age-old tradition in the New World.

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Sources: Landers 27-28, 294ff.
Background: Outline  l  Images

*One of the earliest references, from 1738, offers no precise date, but describes black refugees living with the Yamasees sometime after the Yamasee War, which ended in 1715.

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 Trail Narrative
 + Prologue
 - Background: 1693-1812
spacer spacer African Connections
Spanish Influence
British Reaction
The Seminoles
Section Conclusion
 + Early Years: 1832-1838
 + War: 1832-1838
 + Exile: 1838-1850
 + Freedom: 1850-1882
 + Legacy & Conclusion