Rebellion June 15, 1740     
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Detail from engraving of Oglethorpe's 1740 attack on St. Augustine
Detail from "View of the town & castle of St. Augustine," 1740 map depicting Oglethorpe's siege of St. Augustine. Original map by Thomas Silver. Courtesy of Hargrett Rare Book & Manuscript Library - University of Georgia Libraries.

More on the attack

To assess their failures against the Mose militia, the British published an account with the self-explanatory title, "Report of the Committee Appointed to Inquire into the Causes of the Disappointment of Success in the Late Expedition Against St. Augustine." The report concluded that white Spaniards never took the field, and that a numerically inferior corps of blacks and Indians had defeated the British.
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Britain took action against the maroons during the North American phase of the War of Jenkinsí Ear (1739-1742), when British forces under Colonel James Oglethorpe attempted to take St. Augustine, capture its free blacks, and destroy Mose. The English King directed his orders specifically at the black fugitives of Florida, instructing Oglethorpe to,

"Spare no personal labor nor danger towards freeing Carolina of a place from whence their Negroes were encouraged to massacre their masters and were openly harbored after such attempts."

The British captured and briefly held Fort Mose, but the Negroes fought hard to regain it. In a decisive battle in 1740, the blacks retook Mose, killing 75 British soldiers in the process. British agents were especially dispirited to report the discovery of decapitated and mutilated corpses on the scene, revealing the bitter end of their countrymen.

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Sources: Landers 35, Easterby 3: 87, 115-57, Twyman 42, 64. ©
Background: Outline  l  Images
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 Trail Narrative
 + Prologue
 - Background: 1693-1812
spacer spacer African Connections
Spanish Influence
British Reaction
The Seminoles
Section Conclusion
 + Early Years: 1832-1838
 + War: 1832-1838
 + Exile: 1838-1850
 + Freedom: 1850-1882
 + Legacy & Conclusion