Rebellion 1845 - 1846     
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Civil War Contrabands
Civil War "Contrabands." The term described fugitive slaves who sought refuge with Union forces prior to the Emancipation Proclamation. The experience of assisting such refugees transformed the life of many a Union soldier. Photo by James F. Gibson, taken May 14, 1862 in Virginia.  Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-B8171-0383.
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Foreshadowing events in the U.S. Civil War, blacks in the Territory were forging strong ties to the Army as they sought its protection. Officers, in turn, gained respect for the refugees. Under adverse conditions, they even became friends. Company commanders led Sunday school classes for Black Seminoles, taught them to read (which was considered a crime in most southern states), and vigorously defended their freedom in letters and petitions to the federal government.

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Sources: Lancaster 70, Foreman Advancing 106, Mulroy 43.
Part 3, Exile: Outline  l Images
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 Trail Narrative
 + Prologue
 + Background: 1693-1812
 + Early Years: 1812-1832
 + War: 1832-1838
 - Exile: 1838-1850
+ Shifting Alliances
+ American Justice
spacer spacer Appeals for Help
"The Hero"
Federal Allies
Southern Enemies
Marcellus Duval
Frontier Justice
American Justice
+ A New Frontier
 + Freedom: 1850-1882
 + Legacy & Conclusion