Rebellion July 1845     
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Fort Gibson Barracks
Fort Gibson Barracks, completed in 1845 with stonework by Black Seminole laborers. Historic American Buildings Survey, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, HABS, OKLA,51-FOGIB,1A-.
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Months before he met John Horse in Washington, Jesup had visited the Indian Territory, where reports of violence against the Black Seminoles troubled him. Out west, he reiterated his support for the blacks, saying that his proclamation during the war remained "in full force and effect." As a result, hundreds of Black Seminoles sought shelter at the Fort.

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Sources: Foreman Five 257.
Part 3, Exile: Outline  l Images
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 Trail Narrative
 + Prologue
 + Background: 1693-1812
 + Early Years: 1812-1832
 + War: 1832-1838
 - Exile: 1838-1850
+ Shifting Alliances
+ American Justice
spacer spacer Appeals for Help
"The Hero"
Federal Allies
Southern Enemies
Marcellus Duval
Frontier Justice
American Justice
+ A New Frontier
 + Freedom: 1850-1882
 + Legacy & Conclusion