Rebellion 1844 - 1845     
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Artistic rendering of John Horse's ride
A rider in the territory. Contemporary rendering based on John Eastman's Ride for Liberty.
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The treaty began a dark period for the Black Seminoles and their leader. The pro-Creek, pro-slavery faction considered John Horse's activities in Washington to be meddling in tribal affairs. Within days of his return, a Seminole Indian attacked the black leader. He was riding home one day when the assailant chased after him on horseback with a loaded rifle. The Indian shot John Horse's mount out from under him and then came after him with a knife. Fortunately, a group of Seminole women whom John Horse had helped in the past were standing nearby. They wrestled the assailant to the ground while John Horse wriggled free from underneath his horse.

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Sources: Foreman Five 228, 258, Porter Black 114, Littlefield Seminoles 88-89.
Part 3, Exile: Outline  l Images
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 Trail Narrative
 + Prologue
 + Background: 1693-1812
 + Early Years: 1812-1832
 + War: 1832-1838
 - Exile: 1838-1850
+ Shifting Alliances
+ American Justice
spacer spacer Appeals for Help
"The Hero"
Federal Allies
Southern Enemies
Marcellus Duval
Frontier Justice
American Justice
+ A New Frontier
 + Freedom: 1850-1882
 + Legacy & Conclusion


Note on sources, plus John Horse's assessment of the attack