spacer
Rebellion 1844     
spacer
spacerspacer
spacerHomespacer spacerOverviewspacer spacerTrail Narrativespacer spacerHighlightsspacer spacerMapsspacer spacerResourcesspacer spacerImagesspacer spacer
spacer
U.S. Indian Agent, digital rendering
spacer
Contemporary rendering based on an 1860s photograph of a U.S. Indian Agent. There is no known image of Marcellus Duval, the agent to the Seminoles in the 1840s.
spacer
Previous slide Next slide
Marcellus Duval slide tickerslide tickerslide ticker

The southern grip on the Black Seminoles tightened irreversibly in 1844 with the appointment of subagent Marcellus Duval. An ardent slaveholder from South Carolina, Duval clashed continually with the officers at Fort Gibson. When he learned that a colonel was leading Sunday school classes and teaching Black Seminoles to read, he said simply, "Every sensible man can see the evil of it."

Previous slidespacerspacer




Sources: Brown 66-67, Lancaster 70.
Part 3, Exile: Outline  l Images
spacer spacer
 Trail Narrative
 + Prologue
 + Background: 1693-1812
 + Early Years: 1812-1832
 + War: 1832-1838
 - Exile: 1838-1850
+ Shifting Alliances
+ American Justice
spacer spacer Appeals for Help
Assassination
Washington
"The Hero"
Federal Allies
Southern Enemies
Marcellus Duval
Frontier Justice
American Justice
+ A New Frontier
 + Freedom: 1850-1882
 + Legacy & Conclusion