Rebellion May 1845     
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James Hoban and William Marcy
James Hoban, the U.S. District Attorney who defended John Horse, and William Marcy, the Secretary of War who enlisted Hoban. Hoban lithograph by Peter A. Duval circa 1846. Marcy photo created between 1840 and 1857, artist unknown. Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-USZ62-98210 & LC-USZ62-105943.
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According to Porter, once he reached Washington, John Horse quickly ran into troubles in his working arrangement. Possibly he did not understand the requirements of working as a manservant, or perhaps he did not care to understand them -- either way, within a month of their arrival, Mason sued "Gofer John (a free Seminole Negro)" for reimbursement of back pay and the cost of his passage east. No less a personage than the Secretary of War himself, William Marcy, arranged for John Horse's legal defense. Marcy enlisted James Hoban, the U.S. district attorney for the Capital, to take John Horse's side against Mason. The case was apparently settled to John Horse's satisfaction. The black warrior may have overestimated his ability to be a manservant, but his employer had even more seriously underestimated his manservant's federal connections.

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Sources: Porter Black 116-17. Littlefield (Seminole 104) believed that John Horse traveled to Washington with Colonel Richard B. Mason, an officer stationed in the Indian Territory. The story of John T. Mason is based solely on Porter.
Part 3, Exile: Outline  l Images
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 Trail Narrative
 + Prologue
 + Background: 1693-1812
 + Early Years: 1812-1832
 + War: 1832-1838
 - Exile: 1838-1850
+ Shifting Alliances
+ American Justice
spacer spacer Appeals for Help
"The Hero"
Federal Allies
Southern Enemies
Marcellus Duval
Frontier Justice
American Justice
+ A New Frontier
 + Freedom: 1850-1882
 + Legacy & Conclusion