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Rebellion 1805     
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Illustration of the 1805 Haitian Revolution
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"Revenge Taken by the Black Army." Engraving by J. Barlow from Marcus Rainsford's An Historical Account of the Black Empire of Hayti, 1805.
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White Floridians knew the demographics of their state all too well. Almost outnumbered by their slaves, whites suddenly feared a total uprising. By the end of January, the Seminole allies had overrun sixteen more plantations. The destruction raised the specter of Santo Domingo, the bloody Haitian revolution of 1805. A panicked militia officer wrote to the U.S. Secretary of War:

"Many [slaves] have escaped to and joined the Indians, and furnished them with much important information, and if strong measures [are] not taken to restrain our slaves, there is but little doubt that we should soon be assailed with a servile as well as Indian war."

Effectively, Florida was already assailed by a servile war.

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Sources: Sprague Origin 106, Boyd "Seminole" 65-66, Rivers 203, 219, Porter Negro 270.
Part 2, War: Outline  l  Images
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 Trail Narrative
 + Prologue
 + Background: 1693-1812
 + Early Years: 1812-1832
 - War: 1832-1838
+ Prelude to War
+ Revenge
spacer spacer War Erupts
"Massacre"
Withlacoochee
Key Actors
Florida
Slave Uprising
Army Response
National Mood
Distractions
Seminole Success
+ Deceit
+ Liberty or Death
 + Exile: 1838-1850
 + Freedom: 1850-1882
 + Legacy & Conclusion