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Rebellion January 1836     
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Yaholoochee, or Cloud by Catlin
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Yaholoochee, or Cloud, painted from life by George Catlin, 1838. Smithsonian American Art Museum.
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In less than a week, everything in Florida had changed. White residents who had become accustomed to viewing the Seminoles as an enfeebled race suddenly had to reckon with their surprising power. 

At the outset of war, the Indians numbered approximately 4,000. The various bands were loosely organized under Micanopy as head civil chief. The Seminoles had no official ranks for warriors, but Osceola was quickly recognized as the leading war chief. Other prominent leaders included Yaholoochee (Cloud), Emathla (King Philip), and Emathla's son Coacoochee (Wildcat), of whom more will be heard later.

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Sources: Mahon 122, Sprague Origin 19, 96-101, 131, Coe 160.
Part 2, War: Outline  l  Images
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 Trail Narrative
 + Prologue
 + Background: 1693-1812
 + Early Years: 1812-1832
 - War: 1832-1838
+ Prelude to War
+ Revenge
spacer spacer War Erupts
"Massacre"
Withlacoochee
Key Actors
Florida
Slave Uprising
Army Response
National Mood
Distractions
Seminole Success
+ Deceit
+ Liberty or Death
 + Exile: 1838-1850
 + Freedom: 1850-1882
 + Legacy & Conclusion