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Rebellion December 26, 1835     
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Painting of King Phillip by George Catlin
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King Phillip, Second Chief, painted from life by George Catlin in 1838. Smithsonian American Art Museum.
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The first phase of attack was coordinated by the black warrior John Caesar and King Philip, one of the leading Seminole chiefs. Leading a mixed force of black and Indian warriors, Caesar and Philip ransacked plantations in Mosquito County south of St. Augustine. Within two days they had destroyed five plantations. Field slaves swarmed to the uprising, many painting their faces to symbolize their new allegiance.

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Sources: Boyd "Seminole" 59-65, Motte 277-79.
Part 2, War: Outline  l  Images
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 Trail Narrative
 + Prologue
 + Background: 1693-1812
 + Early Years: 1812-1832
 - War: 1832-1838
+ Prelude to War
+ Revenge
spacer spacer War Erupts
"Massacre"
Withlacoochee
Key Actors
Florida
Slave Uprising
Army Response
National Mood
Distractions
Seminole Success
+ Deceit
+ Liberty or Death
 + Exile: 1838-1850
 + Freedom: 1850-1882
 + Legacy & Conclusion