Rebellion 1822     
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Major General Andrew Jackson circa 1820

Major Gen. Jackson circa 1820, from an engraving by James Barton Longacre. Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-USZ62-435 DLC.
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While the Angola raid had been a success, hundreds of Black Seminoles still remained in Florida. In 1822, Jackson tried to get at them by lobbying the federal government to merge the Seminole tribe with the Creeks in Alabama. Jackson knew that this would subject the blacks to the much harsher Creek slave codes, but the general insisted,

"[T]his must be done, or the frontier will be a perpetual harbor for our slaves. These runaway slaves must be removed from the Floridas, or scenes of murder and confusion will exist and lead to unhappy consequences which cannot be controlled."

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Sources: Mahon 31, Giddings Exiles 71, American State Papers Indian Affairs (ASPIA) 2: 414.
Part 1, Early Years: Outline  l  Images
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 Trail Narrative
 + Prologue
 + Background: 1693-1812
 - Early Years: 1832-1838
+ World at Birth
+ Encroaching America
+ A New Country
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Moultrie Creek
Slave Raiders
Gopher John
 + War: 1832-1838
 + Exile: 1838-1850
 + Freedom: 1850-1882
 + Legacy & Conclusion