At the time of John Horse's birth, the Black Seminoles were isolated geographically, but
they were well aware of the political realities of the surrounding world, particularly the American South. Most of
the maroons were, after all, refugees and descendants of refugees from chattel
slavery. These men and women had personal knowledge of the institution's brutal
nature and of their vastly preferable life in Spanish Florida. Unfortunately for them, the slaveholders of Georgia and South Carolina were equally aware of their favorable situation.
Part 1, Early Years: l