In the wake of the First Seminole War, refugees flooded south toward Angola,
causing Captain James Gadsden to describe the region as "the last rallying spot of the disaffected negroes and Indians." Gadsden suggested
erecting a military post from which the U.S. could destroy the black and Indian
General Jackson recommended the plan to the President, but a delay in the official transfer of Florida kept all schemes on hold. Meanwhile, the Governor of Georgia was contemplating his own raid. After meeting with Jackson's close ally,
Creek chief William McIntosh, the Governor noted,
"I have it in contemplation to send McIntosh with a Party of warriors to bring away all the Negroes."
Brown "Sarrazota," Doster 2: 231.
Part 1, Early Years: l