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Rebellion Autumn, 1826     
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Engraving of Fort Brooke, at Tampa Bay
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Fort Brooke in Tampa Bay, as it appeared in John Horse's youth. Engraving from 1838. Florida Photographic Collection.
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The same year that Abraham was emerging as the current leader of the Black Seminoles, their future leader made his first entrance into recorded history. The event took place at Fort Brooke, near present-day Tampa. John Horse and his family had been living near the fort on Lake Thonotosassa. They became familiar with the Americans over the previous year, when Colonel George Brooke distributed rations to the Seminoles during a devastating drought. As Porter speculates in his description of the ensuing incident, the fourteen-year-old John Horse must have found the fort interesting. Using the English that he had learned from his mother, he began selling game and running errands for the soldiers.

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Sources: McCall 164, Porter Black 29-30. Porter summarized this episode after studying McCall's original version and all other primary sources.
Part 1, Early Years: Outline  l  Images
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 Trail Narrative
 + Prologue
 + Background: 1693-1812
 - Early Years: 1832-1838
+ World at Birth
+ Encroaching America
+ A New Country
spacer spacer Annexation
Moultrie Creek
Slave Raiders
Abraham
Gopher John
Peace
 + War: 1832-1838
 + Exile: 1838-1850
 + Freedom: 1850-1882
 + Legacy & Conclusion