Rebellion April 1876     
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Seminole Negro Baptist church, Brackettville
Seminole-Negro Baptist church, Brackettville, as photographed in 1937 for a collection of portraits of African American ex-slaves from the U.S. Works Progress Administration, Federal Writers' Project slave narratives collections. Library of Congress. Library of Congress.
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While military authorities appreciated the Black Seminoles, other white residents of Kinney County expressed less gratitude for their protection. In April 1876, 35 citizens complained to the secretary of war that unenlisted blacks living around Fort Clark were stealing property and encroaching upon the lands of citizens. Black Seminoles may have been stealing livestock to stave off starvation. Officers close to the maroons, like Bullis, had warned that this might result if the government continued to deny rations and land. It did not help that the maroons were squatters on private lands that the government only leased.

Just as importantly, the scouts had to contend with the legacies of slavery and the Civil War. They were armed, black militants living alongside former sons and daughters of the Confederacy in a state where slavery had only been outlawed for 11 years.

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Sources: Mulroy 148-149, Porter Black 196.
Part 4, Freedom: Outline  l Images
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 Trail Narrative
 + Prologue
 + Background: 1693-1812
 + Early Years: 1812-1832
 + War: 1832-1838
 + Exile: 1838-1850
 - Freedom: 1850-1882
+ Cost of Freedom
+ Liberty Foretold
+ Liberty Found
Los Mascogos
Fort Clark
 + Legacy & Conclusion