Rebellion 1876     
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Seminole Negro house, Bracketville
"Bracketville, Seminole-Negro Settlement," as photographed in 1937 for a collection of portraits of African American ex-slaves from the U.S. Works Progress Administration, Federal Writers' Project slave narratives collections. Library of Congress.
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By the mid-1870s, most of the scouts and their families were living in Brackettville, Texas, around Fort Clark, where John Horse himself had moved by 1876. They settled along the banks of Las Moras creek, the same creek where the emigrants paused before crossing into Mexico in 1850. They built “chink houses” made of mud mixed with stone and straw in the northern Mexican style. Women managed the domestic chores, tended kitchen gardens, and earned side income working for families around the fort. About 30 men eked out a meager living as scouts.

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Sources: Mulroy 148, Foster 48. ©
Part 4, Freedom: Outline  l Images
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 Trail Narrative
 + Prologue
 + Background: 1693-1812
 + Early Years: 1812-1832
 + War: 1832-1838
 + Exile: 1838-1850
 - Freedom: 1850-1882
+ Cost of Freedom
+ Liberty Foretold
+ Liberty Found
Los Mascogos
Fort Clark
 + Legacy & Conclusion