During the years before and after the U.S. Civil War
(1859-1870), the Black Seminoles under John Horse lived in
the Mexican state of Parras. The capital seat was a garden
city, known then (as now) as a land of eternal springtime.
In theory the Black Seminoles moved to Parras as a
precaution against Texas slavers. Rumors were circulating in
1859 that filibusters in Texas were once again planning an
invasion to seize runaway slaves from Mexico. While the
threat of slave raiders was the nominal reason for the move,
Mexican authorities had other motives for relocating the
maroons. In a region of Indian raids and civil war, their
military services were valuable.
Unfortunately for historians, the Parras archives burned
during the Mexican Revolution in 1911. As a result, many
details of the Black Seminole period in Parras remain
Sources: Mulroy 88-89, Austin Texas State Gazette February 29, 1859 as cited
in Stamp 213, Tyler 9-11.
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