Rebellion January 2, 1849     
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Union General William Belknap from the Civil War era
Major General William Belknap, photo from Matthew Brady's National Photographic Art Gallery, created between 1860 and 1865. Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-B8172-2034 DLC.
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The Army set December 22, 1848, as the day for handing over the maroons. The deadline came and went -- harsh weather was the excuse this time. But the officers could not delay forever. At a January meeting with anxious Indians, General William Belknap set a final deadline for transfer in April. The general admonished the Indians "to treat their slaves well and not to sell them." The Army was now trying to enforce by dictum the same lenient Seminole customs that had provoked two wars and the wrath of Andrew Jackson.

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Sources: Porter Black 125, Mulroy 47.
Part 3, Exile: Outline  l Images
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 Trail Narrative
 + Prologue
 + Background: 1693-1812
 + Early Years: 1812-1832
 + War: 1832-1838
 - Exile: 1838-1850
+ Shifting Alliances
+ American Justice
+ A New Frontier
spacer spacer Dark Prospects
New Frontier
Cross to Freedom
New Horizon
 + Freedom: 1850-1882
 + Legacy & Conclusion