Rebellion 1849     
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A Comanche Village in the Indian Territory
A Comanche village in Oklahoma, photographed in 1872. Coacoochee first met representatives of the Comanches, the most feared tribe on the Southern plains, as a delegate with the 1845-46 Butler peace commission. Fort Sill National Historic Landmark—Fort Sill, Oklahoma.
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Around this time, Coacoochee and John Horse hit on an idea for resurrecting the traditional African-Seminole alliance, but with a new twist. For several years, Coacoochee had dreamed of forming a confederation of plains Indians, eastern tribes, and fugitive blacks to resist white incursions on the western territories. The idea may have first come to him during the winter of 1845-46, when he served on a U.S. peace mission to the plains. By 1849, Coacoochee was envisioning the western tribes united with relocated eastern Indians and blacks in a traditionalist alliance. It was a western version of the dream that Tecumseh brought to Florida in Coacoochee's youth.

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Sources: Foreman Five 244-45, 260, Mulroy 46-47, McReynolds 257, 279, Hodge 729-30. ©
Part 3, Exile: Outline  l Images
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 Trail Narrative
 + Prologue
 + Background: 1693-1812
 + Early Years: 1812-1832
 + War: 1832-1838
 - Exile: 1838-1850
+ Shifting Alliances
+ American Justice
+ A New Frontier
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New Frontier
Cross to Freedom
New Horizon
 + Freedom: 1850-1882
 + Legacy & Conclusion