Rebellion December 21, 1846     
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Cartoon depicting a duel in the Senate, 1850
Detail from "A Scene in Uncle Sam's Senate," cartoon depicting a near-duel on the Senate floor over the issue of admitting California as a free state in 1850. Lithograph by Edward Williams Clay. Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-USZ62-4835.
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Marcellus Duval slide ticker

Duval dedicated himself to stirring up political outrage about the Black Seminoles in Washington. A prolific writer, he fired off angry letters to anyone who would listen -- newspaper editors, southern politicians, government bureaucrats. In one of his letters to President Polk, he ominously warned against any attempt to classify the blacks as free:

"The consequences of the subject going into Congress anyone can foresee, and I desire to avert the calamitous excitement which it would cause, shaking the Union to its center -- a perfect 'firebrand' to be thrown among the discordant and combustible materials on the floor of Congress."

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Sources: Littlefield Seminoles 110-11.
Part 3, Exile: Outline  l Images
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 Trail Narrative
 + Prologue
 + Background: 1693-1812
 + Early Years: 1812-1832
 + War: 1832-1838
 - Exile: 1838-1850
+ Shifting Alliances
+ American Justice
spacer spacer Appeals for Help
"The Hero"
Federal Allies
Southern Enemies
Marcellus Duval
Frontier Justice
American Justice
+ A New Frontier
 + Freedom: 1850-1882
 + Legacy & Conclusion