Rebellion March - April 1844     
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Dembo Factor, fourth from left

Dembo Factor stands fourth from left in this  well-known photo of the Seminole Negro Indian Scouts taken in 1889. The attempted kidnapping of Factor in 1844 sparked a round of legal issues that soon made the perilous status of the Black Seminoles all too clear, as covered in subsequent slides. National Archives.
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Tensions reached a high point in 1844 when Creek slavers tried to kidnap several blacks. They succeeded in catching Dembo Factor, a veteran of Dade's massacre. Coacoochee sought Army intervention to prevent the slavers from selling Factor off of the Territory. The Army recovered the captive, but the criminals went unpunished. In fact, Creek chief Roley McIntosh defended their actions.

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Sources: Littlefield Seminoles 84-5, Foreman Five 256.
Part 3, Exile: Outline  l Images
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 Trail Narrative
 + Prologue
 + Background: 1693-1812
 + Early Years: 1812-1832
 + War: 1832-1838
 - Exile: 1838-1850
+ Shifting Alliances
spacer spacer Enemy to Ally
National Debate
Creek Tensions
Endangered Alliance
+ American Justice
+ A New Frontier
 + Freedom: 1850-1882
 + Legacy & Conclusion