Rebellion September 9, 1842     
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Canadian River
The Canadian River in Indian Territory, Oklahoma, photographed around the turn of the century, and looking much as it appeared in the 1840s -- "a mile wide and a foot deep." This image has been digitially retouched. You can compare with the original here.
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His friends in the Indian Territory were not so fortunate, as John Horse learned upon his arrival at Fort Gibson. Creeks were living on the lands promised to the Seminoles, along the North Fork of the Canadian River. This was exactly what the militants had feared before the war. More accommodating Seminoles, like Micanopy, agreed to live with the Creeks, but the traditionalists refused, led by Coacoochee.

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Sources: Foreman Five 223-25.
Part 3, Exile: Outline  l Images
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 Trail Narrative
 + Prologue
 + Background: 1693-1812
 + Early Years: 1812-1832
 + War: 1832-1838
 - Exile: 1838-1850
+ Shifting Alliances
spacer spacer Enemy to Ally
National Debate
Creek Tensions
Endangered Alliance
+ American Justice
+ A New Frontier
 + Freedom: 1850-1882
 + Legacy & Conclusion