Rebellion September 9, 1842     
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Contemporary rendering, language from the fifth article in the Fort Dade agreement reached during the Second Seminole War. Black Seminoles in the Indian Territory believed that they were free from interference -- and in many cases, legally free from slavery -- under a combination of this article and Jesup's proclamation in 1838. 
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The Black Seminoles fully supported Coacoochee. In their minds, they had fought for the right to remain free. In many cases "freedom" was understood as the right to remain under the lenient Seminole system, without fear of being sold into Creek or southern-style slavery. More than half of the maroons, however, had also been promised legal freedom as a condition of their surrender under Jesup's proclamation. Would the country honor this promise? The question cast a dark cloud over their future.

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Sources: Lancaster 37-41, Littlefield Seminoles 26-31, Foreman Five 255-56, Giddings Exiles 326.
Part 3, Exile: Outline  l Images
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 Trail Narrative
 + Prologue
 + Background: 1693-1812
 + Early Years: 1812-1832
 + War: 1832-1838
 - Exile: 1838-1850
+ Shifting Alliances
spacer spacer Enemy to Ally
National Debate
Creek Tensions
Endangered Alliance
+ American Justice
+ A New Frontier
 + Freedom: 1850-1882
 + Legacy & Conclusion


Black Seminoles accused of aiding the "Cherokee slave revolt"