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Rebellion June 2, 1837     
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Fort Brooke circa 1900
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A view of the environs of old Fort Brooke in Tampa Bay, circa 1900. Florida Photographic Collection.
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On June 2nd, John Horse made his first mark as a leader within the Seminole alliance. At the time, General Jesup was still hopeful for peace. He had gathered 700 Seminole allies near Fort Brooke. Twenty-six ships lay in the harbor, ready to take them west. But when the general awoke that morning, his relocation camp was empty. Overnight, all 700 allies had fled into the wilderness. John Horse, Osceola, and Sam Jones, the seventy-year-old Mikasuki chief also known as Arpeika, led the mass escape. Micanopy protested, but the militants forced him to join. The war was renewed.

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Sources: ASPMA 7: 838-39, Giddings Exiles 154-55, Sprague Origin 178-80, Wickman 44, Porter Black 80.
Part 2, War: Outline  l  Images
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 Trail Narrative
 + Prologue
 + Background: 1693-1812
 + Early Years: 1812-1832
 - War: 1832-1838
+ Prelude to War
+ Revenge
+ Deceit
spacer spacer General Jesup
Jesup's Tactics
Hostages
The Diplomat
Peace
Slaveholders
Betrayal
Escape
Rage
White Flags
+ Liberty or Death
 + Exile: 1838-1850
 + Freedom: 1850-1882
 + Legacy & Conclusion