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Rebellion 1800 - 1835     
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Afro-Indian Culture slide tickerslide tickerslide ticker

The culture may have been most visible in the Black Seminole towns, which bore the stamp of their African origins. By John Horse's youth, maroons had established more than a dozen settlements in Florida where they maintained a distinct cultural identity. Place names like Mulatto Girl's Town, Piliklakaha, and Buckra Woman's Town* all revealed a strong black influence. Maroons are also believed to have named the Suwannee River from an African phrase nsub-wanyi, Bantu for "my house, my home."

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Sources: Mulroy 19-26, Rivers 197.
Part 1, Early Years: Outline  l  Images
*Buckra was an African-derived term of disparagement for a white owner. Mulroy traces Piliklahaha to the Kongo.
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 Trail Narrative
 + Prologue
 + Background: 1693-1812
 - Early Years: 1832-1838
+ World at Birth
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Seminole Slavery
Living Conditions
Afro-Indian Culture
+ Encroaching America
+ A New Country
 + War: 1832-1838
 + Exile: 1838-1850
 + Freedom: 1850-1882
 + Legacy & Conclusion