Did the ancestors of the Seminoles escape European domination?
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Historically, some precursors of the Seminoles may have avoided European domination, but colonial tensions definitely shaped the evolution of the tribe. From 1585 to 1763, few Southeastern tribes could escape the consequences of rivalries between England, Spain, and France.
Except for the Mikasukis, most of the tribes that contributed
to the formation of the Seminoles were allied with European superpowers at one time or another.
Among the smaller groups, the Yamasees conducted slave raids for the
English (before turning on England when the Brits unwisely tried to enslave them in
1715). The Yuchis and Apalachees, sometimes known as the mission-based
Indians, were historical allies of the Spanish.
Of the major groups that became known as Seminoles, the Alachua
band fought as British allies beginning around 1738,
reconciling with Spain only after 1785. The Apalachicola bands,
in contrast, were historically allied with Spain. Distinct
from both of these, the Mikasukis, who were the last major tribe
to enter the Seminole fold, had a history of avoiding European intrigues.
In sum, the pre-cursors of the Seminoles may have avoided outright subjection to the European powers, but all of
them aside from the Mikasukis had extensive historical contacts and alliances with the colonial superpowers. Notably, the Seminoles of Florida today trace their lineage most directly to the Mikasukis.
This justifies their claims of having historically avoided European subjection. The Seminole nation of Oklahoma includes larger strains of the Alachua and Apalachicola
Sturtevant Creeks 100-7, Mahon 3-4.