Rebellion 1732 - 1763     
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A View of Savannah, 1734
A view of Savannah, Georgia, 1734. Courtesy of Hargrett Rare Book & Manuscript Library - University of Georgia Libraries.
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Throughout the 1700s, meanwhile, the British pursued a number of policies to recover fugitives from Florida. They offered scalp bounties to Indian slave hunters.* In 1732, they founded Georgia as a free state, hoping that its all-white towns would serve as a useful buffer between the Carolinas and Florida. Finally, in 1763, European intrigues accomplished what the British slaveholders could not: under the Treaty of Paris, Spain ceded Florida to England.

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Sources: Landers 34, Coleman 13-17, 97-112, Hewatt 2: 71-73.
Background: Outline  l  Images

*The practice of offering scalp bounties had a long history in British and Spanish North America. Mercenaries were paid for returning the scalps of targeted enemies, in this case, fugitive black slaves.

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 Trail Narrative
 + Prologue
 - Background: 1693-1812
spacer spacer African Connections
Spanish Influence
British Reaction
The Seminoles
Section Conclusion
 + Early Years: 1832-1838
 + War: 1832-1838
 + Exile: 1838-1850
 + Freedom: 1850-1882
 + Legacy & Conclusion


Why Georgia was founded as an antislavery territory