Rebellion 1693 - 1763     
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Free black militia of the Spanish colonial Army, circa 1770-1776. Pictured, left to right: a Mexican officer and a soldier from Cuba. From Hefter in Artes de México (102: 1968). Note: This image has been slightly edited from the original. You can see a side-by-side comparison here.
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Overall, the British complaints revealed the effectiveness of King Charles' Edict. By the 1730s, scores of black fugitives had found a home in Spanish Florida. Some settled with Indian allies outside of St. Augustine. Most settled in or around the city itself. The Spanish granted freedom to the maroons (provided that they accepted the Catholic faith) and organized them into military companies under their own commanders.

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Sources: Twyman 31-47, Landers 27-60. ©
Background: Outline  l  Images
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 Trail Narrative
 + Prologue
 - Background: 1693-1812
spacer spacer African Connections
Spanish Influence
British Reaction
The Seminoles
Section Conclusion
 + Early Years: 1832-1838
 + War: 1832-1838
 + Exile: 1838-1850
 + Freedom: 1850-1882
 + Legacy & Conclusion