Rebellion 1500s - 1800s     
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A maroon in Surinam, circa 1839
Detail from tinted lithograph of a maroon in the swamps of Surinam, original artist unknown. From Benoit's Voyage a Surinam (1839), reprinted in Bakker et al's Geschiedenis Van Suriname (1993).
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African Connections slide tickerslide ticker

Wherever African slaves were imported in the Americas, some escaped. In Brazil, Mexico, Surinam, and other colonies, fugitive slaves founded rebel communities that endured for generations. The Spanish referred to the members of these communities as cimarronnes, or runaways. The British shortened cimarron to maroon, which is still in use today.

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Sources: Price 1-2, Morgan 10-12.
Background: Outline  l  Images
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 Trail Narrative
 + Prologue
 - Background: 1693-1812
spacer spacer African Connections
Spanish Influence
British Reaction
The Seminoles
Section Conclusion
 + Early Years: 1832-1838
 + War: 1832-1838
 + Exile: 1838-1850
 + Freedom: 1850-1882
 + Legacy & Conclusion