Rebellion 1882     
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Valley towards Saltillo
"Valley towards Saltillo, from near the base of 'Palace Hill,' at Monterey [sic]." Color lithograph created by Charles Parsons and Daniel Powers Whiting, published by G. & W. Endicott, circa 1847. Library of Congress.
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When Kenneth Wiggins Porter interviewed Black Seminoles in the 1940s, the oldest still recollected the party they attended as children sending John Horse off on his journey to Mexico City. He rode his white horse, American, whom Kickapoo Indians decorated with feathers and braids. His small party rode south to Saltillo and Monterrey. From there, John Horse faced another 1,000 miles on horseback. It was an arduous ride for any one, let alone a 70-year-old man heading into Mexico’s rugged, mountainous interior.

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Sources: Porter Black 223-223. ©
Part 4, Freedom: Outline  l Images
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 Trail Narrative
 + Prologue
 + Background: 1693-1812
 + Early Years: 1812-1832
 + War: 1832-1838
 + Exile: 1838-1850
 - Freedom: 1850-1882
+ Cost of Freedom
+ Liberty Foretold
+ Liberty Found
Los Mascogos
Fort Clark
 + Legacy & Conclusion