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Rebellion 1825 - 1866     
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The Lash
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"The Lash." Color lithograph by Henry Louis Stephens, 1863. Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-USZC4-2524.
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Sidetrack:
Creek slave codes

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The Creeks first adopted a slave code in 1825. In time their code became increasingly harsh, limiting property and prohibiting even the rights of free blacks, most notably perhaps the right to bear arms. With the exception of the Seminoles, all of the "civilized tribes" were adopting harsher slave codes in the 1840s. The advent of whites marrying into the tribes contributed to the trend, as mixed-breed, slave-holding families came to dominate tribal leadership councils.

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Sources: Waring 17-27, Littlefield Seminoles 84, 200-202, Littlefield Creeks 159-61, Mulroy 35-36.
Part 3, Exile: Outline  l Images
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 Trail Narrative
 + Prologue
 + Background: 1693-1812
 + Early Years: 1812-1832
 + War: 1832-1838
 - Exile: 1838-1850
+ Shifting Alliances
spacer spacer Enemy to Ally
Atrocities
National Debate
Prosperity
Emigration
Creek Tensions
Endangered Alliance
+ American Justice
+ A New Frontier
 + Freedom: 1850-1882
 + Legacy & Conclusion

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