Rebellion March 4-9, 1841     
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Everglades marsh
A marsh in the Everglades. Photo by John Henry Davis, 1942. Florida Photographic Collection.
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Enemy to Ally

Lt. Sprague reported that during the peace talks, Coacoochee's "manly bearing, his intelligent face, the calm subdued intonations of his voice won the sympathy of those around, and commanded the respect of all." Speaking through John Horse, the chief delivered a speech that moved the hard-bitten officers:

"[T]he land I was upon I loved, my body is made of its sands; the Great Spirit gave me legs to walk over it; hands to aid myself; eyes to see its ponds, rivers, forests, and game ... The white man comes; he grows pale and sick, why cannot we live here in peace? .... The white men are as thick as the leaves in the hammock; they come upon us thicker every year. They may shoot us, drive our women and children night and day; they may chain our hands and feet, but the red man's heart will be always free." [full excerpt]

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Sources: Sprague Origin 259-60.
Part 3, Exile: Outline  l Images
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 Trail Narrative
 + Prologue
 + Background: 1693-1812
 + Early Years: 1812-1832
 + War: 1832-1838
 - Exile: 1838-1850
+ Shifting Alliances
spacer spacer Enemy to Ally
National Debate
Creek Tensions
Endangered Alliance
+ American Justice
+ A New Frontier
 + Freedom: 1850-1882
 + Legacy & Conclusion


Complete excerpts from two speeches by Coacoochee