Rebellion 1812     
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John Horse, from the 1858 engraving in Giddings
Detail of John Horse, from the engraving by N. Orr in Joshua Giddings' 1858 history, The Exiles of Florida. Orr had also engraved John Horse for Sprague's history in 1848, yet the two versions have subtle differences. See a comparison here.
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There are no descriptions of John Horse before adolescence, but his appearance, like his name, must have revealed a mixed heritage. Describing him as an adult, white observers classed him as a "Negro" but noted a mixture of ethnic features, including black skin, long and straight black hair, Seminole clothing, tall erect posture, and "just a smile of red blood mantling to his forehead."

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Sources: McCall 399-401, Sprague Origin 300.
Part 1, Early Years: Outline  l  Images
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 Trail Narrative
 + Prologue
 + Background: 1693-1812
 - Early Years: 1832-1838
+ World at Birth
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Seminole Slavery
Living Conditions
Afro-Indian Culture
+ Encroaching America
+ A New Country
 + War: 1832-1838
 + Exile: 1838-1850
 + Freedom: 1850-1882
 + Legacy & Conclusion


Comparison thumbnail

Side-by-side comparison of the two engravings of John Horse, from 1848 and 1858

Note: This is a large image file (160k).