Rebellion May 1838     
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Sorrows of the Seminoles
"Sorrows of the Seminoles," 19th-century engraving depicting the deportation of the Seminoles from Florida. Florida Photographic Collection.
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John Horse emigrated shortly after he surrendered. In May, he boarded a ship in Tampa Bay, bound for New Orleans. By now, most of his allies had made the long journey west. Micanopy, the great friend of the blacks, was already in Oklahoma. There, John Horse would reunite with his sister, friends, and, eventually, more than 500 fellow Black Seminoles. The hardest chapter of the war had come to a close. But halfway across the country, a new future awaited, with challenges that would test the leadership of John Horse, the honor of the young republic, and the promise of American freedom.

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Sources: Porter Black 97.
Part 2, War: Outline  l  Images
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 Trail Narrative
 + Prologue
 + Background: 1693-1812
 + Early Years: 1812-1832
 - War: 1832-1838
+ Prelude to War
+ Revenge
+ Deceit
+ Liberty or Death
spacer spacer Captivity
Noble Savages
Liberty or Death
Osceola's Death
Star of the Nation
Jesup's Proclamation
The Decision
 + Exile: 1838-1850
 + Freedom: 1850-1882
 + Legacy & Conclusion