Finally, John Horse had surrendered. A young warrior at the time of Dade's massacre, he had risen to become the most important black leader among the Seminoles. At least twice, the resistance might have died if not for his courage, persistence, and cunning. Ultimately, his actions forced Jesup's hand. More than any other leader, John Horse was responsible for the promise of freedom that
ended the black rebellion.
That promise, as indicated, helped pave the way for the liberation of the southern slaves twenty-five years later. In this small but tangible way, John Horse contributed to the American legacy of freedom,
which owes a lasting debt to the power of his rebellion.
Part 2, War: l