Rebellion 1804     
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Osceola, by Catlin
Osceola, oil painting by George Catlin, 1838. Catlin is one of the three artists known to have depicted Osceola from life. Smithsonian American Art Museum.
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Osceola would become the most famous Seminole chief of the war, yet by birthright he was neither a Seminole nor a chief. Born around 1804 in Alabama, he was the son of an Englishman named William Powell who married among the Upper Creeks. Osceola emigrated to Florida as a boy and as a result lacked any hereditary claim to Seminole leadership. Moreover, he was an ethnic polyglot, the product of a culture where Creeks, English, Scotch-Irish, and blacks mixed and intermarried. In the words of one of his most dependable modern biographers, "Osceola was all of these."

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Sources: Wickman xix-xxvi, 48-53. Wickman's seven-page biography of Osceola is the best brief version that exists. For a longer account see Boyd "Asi-Yaholo" 249-305.
Part 2, War: Outline  l  Images
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 Trail Narrative
 + Prologue
 + Background: 1693-1812
 + Early Years: 1812-1832
 - War: 1832-1838
+ Prelude to War
Jackson's Rise
Payne's Landing
Creek Country
Seminole Outrage
Before the Storm
+ Revenge
+ Deceit
+ Liberty or Death
 + Exile: 1838-1850
 + Freedom: 1850-1882
 + Legacy & Conclusion