Rebellion May 28, 1830     
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The Trail of Tears, by Robert Lindneux
"The Trail of Tears," 1942 painting by Robert Lindneux depicting the Cherokee removal to the west. The Granger Collection.
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Jackson's Rise

Jackson's first strike against the Seminoles devastated all of the southeastern tribes. In May, 1830, Jackson signed the Indian Removal Act, the notorious law forcing eastern tribes to relocate to a new Indian Territory out west. Thousands of Native Americans died on the subsequent forced marches, known collectively as the "Trail of Tears." The process of removing the Seminoles began in 1832.

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Sources: Foreman Indian 21, Covington Seminoles 63.
Part 2, War: Outline  l  Images
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 Trail Narrative
 + Prologue
 + Background: 1693-1812
 + Early Years: 1812-1832
 - War: 1832-1838
+ Prelude to War
Jackson's Rise
Payne's Landing
Creek Country
Seminole Outrage
Before the Storm
+ Revenge
+ Deceit
+ Liberty or Death
 + Exile: 1838-1850
 + Freedom: 1850-1882
 + Legacy & Conclusion