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Rebellion 1812     
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Engravings from the Anti-Slavery Almanac, 1840
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Detail of two engravings from The American Anti-Slavery Almanac of 1840.
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This loose form of bondage bore almost no resemblance to the South's peculiar institution. By 1812, black slaves in the southern U.S. were considered chattel -- the legal property of their owners, who exercised nearly complete control over them. Harsh codes controlled the slave's daily actions, outlawing basic rights like education and property ownership. Punishments for minor infractions included whipping, branding, ear cropping -- for major infractions, amputation and lynching.

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Sources: Afro-American Almanac "Slave Codes".
Part 1, Early Years: Outline  l  Images
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 Trail Narrative
 + Prologue
 + Background: 1693-1812
 - Early Years: 1832-1838
+ World at Birth
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Seminole Slavery
Living Conditions
Afro-Indian Culture
+ Encroaching America
+ A New Country
 + War: 1832-1838
 + Exile: 1838-1850
 + Freedom: 1850-1882
 + Legacy & Conclusion