Rebellion 1570s - 1580s     
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Cranes, from Bartram's vision of the Alachua Savannah
Three cranes, detail from Bartram's vision of the "The Great Alachua-Savana." American Philosophical Society.
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Excerpt from Bartram's poetic description of the Seminoles
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More from Bartram's vision of the Seminoles:

Thus they enjoy a suerpabundance of the necessaries and conveniences of life, with the security of person and property, the two great concerns of mankind. The hide of deer, bears, tigers and wolves, together with honey, wax and other productions of the country, purchase their clothing, equipage, and domestic utensils from the whites. They seem to be free from want or desires. No cruel enemy to dread; nothing to give them disquietude, but the gradual encroachments of the white people. Thus contented and undisturbed, they appear as blithe and free as the birds of the air, and like them as volatile and active, tuneful and vociferous. The visage, action, and deportment of the Siminoles [sic] form the most striking picture of happiness in this life; joy, contentment, love, and friendship, without guile or affectation, seem inherent in them, or predominant in their vital principle, for it leaves them but with the last breath of life. It even seems imposing a constraint upon their ancient chiefs and senators, to maintain a necessary decorum and solemnity, in their public councils; not even the debility and decrepitude of extreme old age, is sufficient to erase from their visages, this youthful, joyous simplicity; but like the gray eve of a serene and calm day, a gladdening, cheering blush remains on the Western horizon after the sun is set.

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Sources: Bartram Travels 209-10.
Background: Outline  l  Images
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 Trail Narrative
 + Prologue
 - Background: 1693-1812
spacer spacer African Connections
Spanish Influence
British Reaction
The Seminoles
Section Conclusion
 + Early Years: 1832-1838
 + War: 1832-1838
 + Exile: 1838-1850
 + Freedom: 1850-1882
 + Legacy & Conclusion


Bartram, the Seminoles, and the Romantics

Excerpt from Bartram's poetic description of the Seminoles

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