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Rebellion 1800 - 1859     
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Confessions of Nat Turner, Joseph Cinquez, and John Brown
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Nat Turner, Joseph Cinquez (leader of the Amistad rebellion), and the white abolitionist John Brown. All three entered the mainstream of American history, while John Horse did not. Sources, clockwise from left: Library of Congress, Rare Book and Special Collections Division; Prints and Photographs Division,LC-USZ62-12960; The Boston Athenaeum.
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Americans would remember the revolts led by Nat Turner and the white abolitionist John Brown, but not the larger, more successful rebellion led by John Horse and the Black Seminoles. Somehow, only the smaller, failed uprisings entered the national consciousness. Even today, the vast majority of American scholars, black and white, unconsciously follow the nod of a southern-dominated tradition when they discuss slave rebellions, overlooking the uprising inspired by the Black Seminoles, though it was the largest in U.S. history.

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Sources: Aptheker 219-22, 267-75, 293-307, Genovese 7-10, 44-50. For more on the argument of this slide, see the related essay under highlights & features.
Prologue: Outline  l  Images
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 Trail Narrative
 - Prologue
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 + Background
 + Early Years: 1832-1838
 + War: 1832-1838
 + Exile: 1838-1850
 + Freedom: 1850-1882
 + Legacy & Conclusion

Related Essay:

The Largest Slave Rebellion in U.S. History
A factual comparison of major U.S. rebellions.