Rebellion Picture Tour: 1689 - 1882     
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Images > Picture Tour > Picture 27 of 32
Mexico in the 1850s

Map by Colton, 1856, David Rumsey collection.

In 1849, facing threats of disarmament and enslavement, John Horse and the Black Seminoles staged a mass escape from the Indian Territory to Mexico, where slavery had long been outlawed. The black fugitives crossed to freedom in July of 1850, joined by traditionalist Seminole Indians under Coacoochee. They were welcomed by the Mexican government as border guards on the frontier. 

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