Hon. Joshua R. Giddings of Ohio
Photograph, 1855-1863, Library of Congress.
While the Indian war dragged on, Congressional attention belatedly
turned to the slave aspects of the Florida war in 1841, after a daring speech
by the antislavery congressman Joshua Reed Giddings.
For the next 20 years, Giddings championed the Black Seminoles,
eventually writing their first history under the descriptive
title, The Exiles of Florida, or, crimes committed by our government against maroons, who fled from South Carolina and other slave states, seeking protection under Spanish